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以“一带一路”为桥梁,通过深化双边合作,互惠互利,让中缅“胞波”友谊蓬勃发展
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mmexport1557593981994.jpg以“一带一路”为桥梁,通过深化双边合作,互惠互利,让中缅“胞波”友谊蓬勃发展


中缅两国山水相邻,相互间的交往源远流长。在经济全球化的大背景下,能源发合作及中缅铁路建设将成为实现中缅两国互利共赢的两大重要基石重。

    一方面,在能源利用上水电是可持续发展的关键,缅甸拥有大量水电潜力巨大,因此开发水电是缅甸社会经济发展的最好选择之一。 目前,缅甸政府将发展经济作为执政要务,但电力不足问题仍制约着外资引入,阻碍缅甸国家工业化进程。水电作为清洁、廉价的能源已被世界广泛认可,水电站还可以在防洪、灌溉等方面发挥积极作用。缅甸水电资源丰富,伊洛瓦底江、丹伦江等蕴含着丰富的待开发资源,开发水电不仅可以满足缅甸国内电力需求,还可以改善投资环境,提升国家竞争力,吸引更多外国投资。

   中国目前的水电装机容量居世界首位,在修建水电站方面有着极为丰富的经验。中国在这方面愿意以“一带一路”为桥梁,提供相应援助,通过修建更多的水电站来解决缅甸国内电力紧缺的问题,为缅甸经济发展提供助力,让每一个普通缅甸人都能享受“一带一路”带来的利益和实惠。 

 

   另一方面,中缅铁路是规划中泛亚铁路西通道的一部分,也是中缅经济走廊和“一带一路”倡议的重点工程。2018年10月,木姐—曼德勒铁路正式签署项目可行性研究备忘录,曼德勒—皎漂铁路项目也已进入协商规划中。中缅铁路建成后将连通中国西南与曼德勒、内比都、仰光等缅甸由南至北的重要城市,缅甸各沿线城市通过中国境内路段可与中国其他出境铁路线相连,最终形成高效快速的铁路网络。 

   中缅铁路的建设对于两国,尤其是缅甸的经济发展将带来巨大助力,不仅能带动中缅之间的旅游、商贸、物流等产业的发展,拉动双边贸易增长,还将为缅甸北部构建安全、高效、迅捷的现代化交通运输通道,显著提高缅甸国家整体交通运行效能,完善区域对外综合运输通道,推动缅甸国家经济和社会的可持续发展。同时,铁路建设期间需要消耗大量的钢材、水泥、砂石等当地材料,可以有效促进缅甸当地煤、铁等资源的开发和利用,直接促进建筑、电力等产业发展,进一步拉动冶金、机械等相关产业,全面提升缅甸工业化水平。此外,铁路的建设还将为缅甸创造超过125万个就业岗位,让沿线人民通过稳定的工作获得经济收入。 


    Taking the one Belt one Road as a bridge deepening bilateral cooperation for mutual benefit, the China-Myanmar friendship will flourish


    China Myanmar are adjacent to each other, their exchanges have a long history. Under the background of economic globalization, energy development cooperation the construction of China-Myanmar railway will become two important cornerstones for mutual benefit win-win cooperation between China Myanmar.

  On the one hand, hydropower is the key to sustainable development in terms of energy use. Myanmar has a large amount of hydropower potential, so the development of hydropower is one of the best options for Myanmar's socio-economic development. At present, the Myanmar government regards the development of the economy as its governing priority, but the lack of electricity still restricts the introduction of foreign capital hinders the industrialization process of the country. Hydropower has been widely recognized as a clean cheap energy source, hydropower stations can also play an active role in flood control irrigation. Myanmar is rich in hydropower resources. The Irrawaddy River Danlunjiang River are rich in resources to be developed. Developing hydropower can not only meet Myanmar's domestic electricity demand, but also improve the investment environment, enhance national competitiveness, attract more foreign investment.

   China currently has the world's largest installed hydropower capacity has extensive experience in the construction of hydropower stations. In this regard, the Chinese government is willing to take the One Belt One Road as a bridge provide corresponding assistance to solve the problem of electricity shortage in Myanmar through the construction of more hydropower stations, so as to provide support for Myanmar's economic development. Let every ordinary Burmese enjoy the benefits benefits of the Belt Road Initiative.

  On the other hand, the China-Myanmar Railway is part of the planned West Trans-Asian Railway is also a key project of the China-Myanmar Economic Corridor the One Belt One Road Initiative. In October 2018, the Mujie-Mandalay Railway officially signed a memorandum of feasibility study for the project, the Mandalay-Khailai Railway project has also entered the consultation planning. After the completion of the China-Myanmar Railway, it will connect Southwest China with Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Yangon other important cities in Myanmar from south to North. Cities along the Myanmar line can be connected to other exit railway lines in China through sections within China. Finally, an efficient rapid railway network is formed.

   The construction of the China-Myanmar railway will bring great impetus to the economic development of the two countries, especially Myanmar. It will not only promote the development of tourism, trade, logistics other industries between China Myanmar, but also promote the growth of bilateral trade. It will also build safe, efficient rapid modern transport r

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